Toffee’s Legacy: Saying Good-bye through Hospice Care

By Scott Boyd

Toffee

Toffee was born 28 October 1998, and adopted with her “sister” Taylor by Barbara and Scott on 05 January 2008 from AireCanada Airedale Rescue Network. Toffee underwent Regenerative Stem Cell Therapy on 20 May 2011, with Dr. Todd Scott of the Crestwood Veterinary Centre in Edmonton. In early January 2012, she was diagnosed with canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS). Although the signs appeared gradually and had been somewhat managed through medication, an overwhelming majority of her symptoms worsened to the point where she formally entered hospice care passing away on 11 February, 2012.


Why this feature for AireCanada?
If you are reading this, whether or not you have companion animals, are a volunteer, or veterinary professional, we likely share the values of compassion, respect and empathy. We may also share the need for education to enhance quality of life: ours and our companion Airedales.

When Barbara, Dr. Scott and I first discussed regenerative stem cell therapy for Toffee, we read whatever we could find to inform and educate ourselves. There wasn’t much, so it didn’t take long, but, as a service to AireCanada and others, we offered Toffee’s Adventure: Healing with regenerative stem cell therapy as a means to inform and educate others about this new and potentially beneficial treatment.

In adopting three older Airedales we knew that there were some inescapable truths we would face. We also thought we had educated ourselves to provide appropriate care. In many ways we were well prepared, but in one, preparing for their end of life, we found ourselves largely ignorant. What we hope to provide in this report is information and resources for that end point in the continuum of life that we discovered through our hospice care of Toffee. Fortunately there is much more information available on canine elder-care and hospice than on regenerative stem cell therapy, but we’ll present those resources, along with some anecdotes, in one feature for your easier access.

Acknowledgements
Everyone who worked on this report would like to thank to Maureen Scott, AireCanada Airedale Rescue Network, for giving us the opportunity to present this information for those taking care of elderly Airedales. Thanks too, to Joni Bulat and Joe Miller, Molly, Denise Bohaychuk, and Taylor and Ruby for selflessly providing hospice and respite care for Toffee, Barbara and me, as well as editorial support. Taylor gives thanks to Marie-Andree Lachapelle and Gary Poliquin, foster family, for grief healing support.

Why hospice care for Toffee?

Who hasn’t been touched by loved ones in human elder-care or hospice? In Canada, especially, elder-care is well established within the health care construct. Even though relatively new to Canada, hospice care, is becoming more widely accepted by families experiencing end-of-life care for their loved ones. However, end-of-life care, and death in general, remain very difficult subjects to discuss for North Americans; perhaps even more so when it comes to animal companions.

Barbara and I, although completely unprepared, knew one thing, “good death” (euthanasia) as a first option for any of our ‘grrrls’ was not an option for us. Our reasons were personal but, perhaps much like us, you’ll know intuitively when you face the question, and you will.
We had been recently touched by human hospice. What we didn’t know by choosing animal hospice care was just how little information, resources and support exists in Canada. Regardless, we would not have chosen any other path with Toffee, nor will we likely with Taylor or Ruby.

Hospice care is a very specific type of end-of-life care that supports the patient and family and always entails palliative care to allow terminally ill patients to live out their lives as fully and comfortably as possible. Hospice follows a number of basic principles that distinguish it from other care given to animals at the end of life:

Hospice recognizes that death is a natural part of the cycle of life, not a failed medical event, and does not have to be feared or avoided; the focus is “intensive caring instead of intensive care,” without prolonging or hastening death.

Source: When is End-of-life Care for Animals Truly Hospice?, Ella E. Bittel (Holistic Veterinarian) and James C. Armer, DVM, ( in The Latham Letter, Fall 2011).

Caring for Aging Airedales

OMG…read, ask questions, and speak to those with elderly dogs because there is so much more information available about caring for puppies and adults than there ever will be for older dogs, which seems to parallel our society’s perhaps similar lack of interest in older humans. Interestingly, if you delve into the “hospice” websites in this feature you’ll see resources closely linked between human hospice and animal hospice.

As with humans, defining “old” and the aging process for dogs is filled with mysteries, misconceptions and myths. Some myths are so prevalent they are taken for “common sense” and, for the elderly Airedale, could actually speed the aging, or an associated disease process. For example, there is no one definition for “old dog” (it is breed specific). There is also no legal meaning in Canada and America for “senior” dog food. The label can mean whatever the manufacturer wants it to mean. Some “senior” dog foods actually have higher sodium content than adult dog foods so, for the older Airedale with heart disease, eating this food would make it harder for her to cope with the disease.

Do you know where to find statements of Nutritional Adequacy on commercial dog foods let alone what the statements mean? To find out, visit the Competition Bureau of Canada at http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/01229.html

It goes without saying that there are many things to consider with caring for an aging dog and it cannot be stressed enough that preparation and prevention are key to a proactive approach. Keeping one’s dog healthy for life involves some specific work on our part, and a comprehensive wellness plan developed in collaboration with our consulting veterinary professionals.

Recently published books for your reference:

Good Old Dog, Expert Advice for Keeping Your Aging Dog Happy, Healthy and Comfortable, Faculty of the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, Edited by Nicholas Dodman, BVMS, with Lawrence Linder, MA, (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010).
Caring for your Aging Dog: A Quality-of-Life Guide for Your Dog’s Senior Years, Janice Borzendowski, (Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., 2007).
Hound Health Handbook, Betsy Brevitz, DVM, (Workman Publishing Company, Inc., 2004).
Senior Dogs for Dummies, Susan McCullough (Wiley Publishing, Inc.2004).
Complete Care for Your Aging Dog, Amy D. Shojai, (New American Library, 2003).

Web sites for your “favourites”:

Aging, and Geriatric Supports and Resources for Lay-person and Veterinary Professional:

  • · Canadian Veterinary Medicine Association (CVMA)

http://canadianveterinarians.net/  and from the CVMA website http://www.animalhealthcare.ca/

  • · American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

http://www.aspca.org/Home/Pet-care/dog-care.aspx

  • · American Veterinary Medicine Association

http://www.avma.org/animal_health/DogsRule/default.asp

  • · American Association of Human-Animal Bond Veterinarians

http://aahabv.org/

  • · Old Dog Paws

http://www.olddogpaws.com/

A Final Gift.

Barbara and I had experienced pet loss before, but I know we were not fully aware of, or prepared for, the challenges and rewards of hospice care.  We were fortunate to have a supportive veterinarian in Dr. Scott, even though he had not experienced hospice care himself.  He provided the objectivity we needed to help us assess and decide on the subjective and personal quality-of-life issues that would lead to end-of-life decisions we could live with.

Recruiting Toffee’s Hospice Team.

Recruiting Dr. Scott was only the first step in forming Toffee’s Hospice Team. Had we had more time we would have secured the services of a house-call-making (mobile) Veterinarian or Animal Health Technician.  Why a mobile veterinary professional?  For one, the patient’s home is the hospice. So, while she may still need the specialized medical care provided in a clinic, she may not be able to be safely (or conveniently during clinic hours) transported.  That said, we anticipate a little resistance from those in veterinary medicine to make house-calls, as the current norm seems to be, “bring the animal to us”, during office hours or to an after-hours emergency clinic.  Unlike in America, Canada does not have an association or registry for vets and technicians who make house calls. It appears it is the responsibility of the human care-giver to find and/or entice a veterinary professional to go against the current norm, but they are available  One has to ask around. Again planning and preparation are paramount.

Another option to consider for the delivery of specific medical services in the hospice, if a mobile veterinary professional is not available, is to have the vet and/or tech instruct the human care-giver.  Anyone with a diabetic dog will have likely learned how to administer insulin, so to be taught how to assess and chart vital signs, to monitor pain and provide relief, to monitor eating and drinking, to monitor bladder and bowel function, and to know the signs of impending death can all be learned by the committed care-giver.

In our case, Dr. Scott was prepared to train us and/or provide house-call support.  To his credit, and our surprise, he admitted his inexperience with hospice care and his willingness to assist Toffee and us as best he could.  We concluded a planning meeting with him by confirming the best means of correspondence given his work and personal schedules and Toffee’s anticipated urgent needs.

Even if I wasn’t the lone care-giver and Barbara wasn’t working in Regina during hospice, we would have recruited others to Toffee’s Hospice Team.  She loved attention, like most Airedales, so to have “visits” from her friends and family for intensive caring we knew would be important to her during her hospice.  These “visits” also included giving Taylor and Ruby some special attention, such as going for a walk, grooming, reading to them and making special meals.  For primary care-givers, having respite is crucial to maintaining balance, focus and calm.

For Toffee’s Hospice Team I recruited family members who I considered secure in providing intensive caring for Toffee, were secure in being alone with Toffee given her condition, and were able to “visit” regularly in order to provide consistency for Toffee and myself.  As you might expect these requirements narrow the field considerably, even if one has a large pool to draw from.  I didn’t receive a “yes” from every person I asked, and I didn’t expect to.  I knew the demands and commitment required and I explained them to each person beforehand.  Some who were unable to join the Hospice Team, joined a Support Team and brought prepared meals, which I was grateful. There was one day that I just ate oranges, chiefly because they were easy to prepare and could be enjoyed at Toffee’s bedside.

If one has the luxury of time as a result of their planning ahead, there are online courses available for hospice care-givers (Spirits in Transition, Nikki Hospice Foundation, and International Association of Animal Hospice and Palliative Care).  Through this training an orientation for your dog’s hospice team could be prepared and delivered.  Even if your Team is knowledgeable about hospice, I would recommend an orientation for them in order that they and your dog become comfortable with each other and the surroundings.

Preparing Toffee’s Hospice.

Each hospice setting will be unique.  Given Toffee’s condition we had to remove any bump, slip and trip hazards, block stairs, and create circular spaces out of square rooms.  We set up her “safe place”, which included favourite beds, blankets, toys and scents.  It wasn’t immediately obvious to me, until I did some online research, just how important familiar scents are to keeping an animal in hospice calm and peaceful.  One article even suggested using female pheromones on bedding to remind the patient of “mother” and “safe”.  I was never able to locate a source for such pheromones, so I used Rescue Remedy and ensured Toffee had all of her favourites around her.  I also had beds set up for Taylor and Ruby adjacent to Toffee’s should they choose to lay down beside her.

In Toffee’s “safe place” I set up a station for “charting”, storing her medications, and a laptop computer for online searches and corresponding with Toffee’s Team. I also discretely kept my bedding there as I would often nap beside Toffee, which was comforting in one obvious regard, but not so in another.

During my online search for information I read that some animals in hospice develop new anxieties, or that existing ones are exacerbated.  Toffee did show some separation anxiety previously, but I did not expect this anxiety to be exacerbated by her seeing my eyes close when I slept so close to her. I wanted to tattoo pupils on my eyelids so we could both get some rest.  I finally trained myself to sleep with my hand, or one of her toys, over my eyes as a solution.

I also read that blankets and toys covering your dog at this stage can feel like dead weights, cause over-heating and thus may be very uncomfortable. So I would make a tent for Toffee using her toys and blanket.  She appeared quite comfortable and by checking with my hand on her body, not too hot or too cold.

Toffee initially took her meals with the other grrrls, but when she got to the stage of only taking food by hand, I had to create a separate feeding area.  When she was no longer able to move unassisted , but was still hungry and thirsty, I had to corral Taylor and Ruby to keep them from joining us.  I knew they wanted to help Toffee, but eating her food and drinking her water would have been a problem.  Having the otherwise active and able-bodied grrrls did present a challenge sometimes, but the challenge was far outweighed by their support and companionship.

Oh how I wish I would have thought of this sooner for Toffee…grippy socks.  The floors in our house include a combination of hardwood, linoleum and tile. Even for young Airedale feet this can pose a problem. For older, unsteady legs the slippery flooring is a real concern.  I had put down area rugs in Toffee’s “safe place”, but much of the lino and hardwood was exposed and, unfortunately, clean-up from her indoor bathroom activities was taking precedence over mobility.

But one day Joni suggested I get pairs of children’s socks with grips on the soles…grippy socks!  Toffee loved them, though I don’t think she really cared for the high-rise style.  She was no longer slipping and was able to move with confidence on her own. We did have to monitor her for over-heating and fatigue, as we know dogs regulate their body heat through their mouths and feet.  Thank you Joni, and thank you grippy socks!

Because we live in an urban area and the Grrrls were known in the ‘hood, I circulated a notice to neighbours of Toffee’s Hospice, which included signs of her condition, i.e., reversed sleep-wake cycle and night-time walks, changes in traffic patterns to our home, people other than me walking Taylor and/or Ruby, and a copy of a  Special-Needs or Hospice Certificate* completed by Dr. Scott and indicating that Toffee was in Hospice under his care.

One neighbor even came by to thank me, wish us well, and share his story of losing his dog.  I was grateful for his response. Prior to circulating the notice another neighbor passed an unsolicited comment when he saw Toffee and I out for a walk one afternoon (she walked slowly and frequently stumbled, but was walking nonetheless I thought). Another neighbor took it upon themselves to file a noise complaint (OMG…two terriers in a new home situation with new people walking them).  Words to the wise, don’t expect that long-standing neighbours will necessarily be understanding of your situation.

To alert folks not aware of Toffee’s Hospice, i.e., Canada Post, unexpected guests, etc. I posted, in addition to the original Hospice Certificate, notices on front and back doors indicating: home serving as hospice, doorbells disconnected, please knock, and calm and quiet guests welcome.

Toffee’s Legacy.

Saturday, the day of Toffee’s passing, was as traumatic as it was sudden. We were still forming her Team and had nothing prepared for her body or memorial, which only added to our grief.  Toffee’s Legacy is, in one part, a step forward in our healing, and in another, helping inform fellow care-givers.

Hospice may or may not be for you and your companion.  It is heart- and gut-wrenching, requires planning and preparation, and time and resources.  BUT it does provide an intimacy and an opportunity for sharing and expressing that human-animal bond one would never have any other time.

Websites for your review:

Supports, Resources, Training, and Guidelines for Lay-person and Veterinary Professional:

  • · Spirits in Transition (* available here for download)

http://www.spiritsintransition.org/

  • · The Nikki Hospice Foundation for Pets

http://www.pethospice.org/

  • · International Association of Animal Hospice and Palliative Care

http://iaahpc.org/

  • · BrightHaven Healing Arts Centre for Animals

http://brighthaven.org/

  • · Angel’s Gate Hospice for Animals

http://www.angelsgate.org/index.htm

  • · American Veterinary Medicine Association (AVMA)

http://www.avma.org/animal_health/DogsRule/default.asp

  • · American Association of Human-Animal Bond Veterinarians

http://aahabv.org/index.php/end-of-life-hospice-care

  • · The Latham Foundation for the Promotion of Humane Education

http://www.latham.org/

  • · Special Needs Pets

http://www.specialneedspets.org/

 

Grief Healing Discussion and Support Groups:

  • · Hospice of the Valley Grief Healing Discussion Group

http://www.hovforum.ipbhost.com/

  • · Special Needs Pets

http://www.specialneedspets.org/

  • · Pet Loss Canada

http://petlosscanada.com/

  • · Pet Loss Resources: Canada

http://www.pet-loss.net/resources/Canada.shtml

  • · American Humane Association Pet Loss Program

http://www.americanhumane.org/interaction/programs/humane-education/pet-loss/

 

Recently published books for your reference library:

  • · The Dog on the Bed A Canine Alphabet, , Richard Teleky, (Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 2011).
  • · Pet Parents:A Journey Through Unconditional Love and Grief, Coleen Ellis, (iUniverse.com 2011).
  • · The Legacy of Beezer and Boome: Lessons on Living and Dying from My Canine Brothers, David Koktavy, (B Brothers Press, 2010).
  • · The Art of Racing in the Rain, Garth Stein, (Harper Perennial, 2008).

 

In Memory of Toffee

Tasha Urgently Needs a Home!

Don’t you think I am a pretty girl?

Thank you for your interest in Tasha. She has a new home!

Tasha is an Oorang-type, very large Airegirl who urgently needs a new home so she can have the hip surgery she so desperately requires. If you provide the home, AireCanada will provide the necessary surgery.

Here’s the situation. Tasha until recently was placed in a foster-to-adopt situation. However, when it was learned that Tasha has severe hip dysplasia which will require surgical intervention, the foster home, due to distance from the veterinarian’s office and an overabundance of stairs in their home, sadly agreed that AireCanada should search for a new placement for this dog. Tasha is presently in a temporary foster situation but needs a foster placement, or even better, a permanent home, with reasonable access to our veterinarian’s clinics in either Coquitlam or North Vancouver.  A home with a limited number of stairs would be considered a bonus.

I have a lot of presence even if I do limp. It’s my left hip that hurts. Despite the pain, I still will greet you happily and wag my tail for you, though.

Tasha is very much a “people” Airedale. She loves people and is very friendly. We have learned that Tasha co-exists nicely with other dogs as long as the dogs are polite and avoid jostling her sore hip. Due to pain, she doesn’t play much at the moment but is happy to be with the current foster home’s two Airedales — a male and a female. She has also visited a training facility that boards dogs and got along well with the other dogs present. Dogs met outside the home may provoke some barking and lunging, an issue that can be addressed through training and may be a result of lack of socialization during puppyhood along with the current high level of pain Tasha is experiencing.

This is me with my friend, Lizi. Lizi weighs about 50 pounds. I tipped the scales at 90 pounds when I last visited Dr. Cichon but I could afford to lose another 10 pounds to regain my girlish figure!

We think that Tasha is a very special girl who deserves every chance AireCanada — and you — can provide her to live a happy and pain-free life.

Tasha is only four years old!

Can you find space in your heart for this  lovely Airedale?

Tasha is available immediately. The sooner she can be placed, the sooner she can have her surgery. A completed online application form from our website is required to either adopt or foster Tasha. If you have already completed an application form and are interested in Tasha, please contact us at the email address below.

For further information, please email britishcolumbia@airecanada.com

Could I come live with you? Please?

 

 

Seda in Ottawa

Seda has found her forever home and has been adopted.  Thanks for the interest.

Seda is a sweet beautiful 6 year old Aire-girl looking for her forever family.  She is located in Ottawa and will be a wonderful companion for the right people.

Five things that need to be considered if thinking about adopting Seda:

1. She hasn’t had very much human affection or interaction. She can be a bit  jumpy, nervous, uneasy at times.
2. She has accidents on the floor occasionally and doesn’t seem to be completely house trained but is really learning the ropes.
3. She never had regular vet visits. Shots were not always kept up to date. Seda is now up to date with vaccinations.  She is tender with her back end and hips, favoring the right side when she sits down.
4. She has had minimal human interaction and is unable to follow commands like sit or lay down. She is very smart but not trained to do the simplest of commands. But I believe she is very capable of learning and we have been working with her everyday to try and teach her.
5. She runs away if given the opportunity. She has to be on a leash at all times when outside. She is not trained to come back to owner when called. When you open the patio door, if not careful, she will dart outside.
The five best things about Seda:
1. She is very affectionate and cuddling with owner after establishing some trust. She loves cuddles.
2. She is very good on walks. Walks beside you with minimal pulling and jumping.
3. She is calm and easy going for an Airedale.  She enjoys quiet environments with no yelling (as it makes her skittish). She enjoys laying on her dog bed in front of the fireplace in close proximity to her owner.
4. She loves dog treats and bones!!
5. She is a smaller female, shorter build. She is a good weight. She eats very well. Seda is a CKC reg. dog from AERIE AIREDALES. Breeder/Owner: Pat Neil.
 She needs an owner to trust, who has patience, who can teach her, provide affection cuddles and lots of human contact, who will walk her and give her lots of exercise and ultimately be the owner that will keep her long term. A quite house would be the ideal environment for her.
Please note Seda will only be placed in a home with a fenced yard and no small children.

Pennies for Airedales 2011

AireCanada has not mounted a general fundraiser since 2009. As a result, the treasury is becoming depleted. In an attempt to restore funding to a more acceptable level, AireCanada is offering copies of a booklet called the Starfish Stories 2 in return for a donation to help our rescued Airedales.

Why a “starfish” you ask? Here is the reason:

Legend of The Starfish

A vacationing businessman was walking along a beach when he saw a young boy. Along the shore were many starfish that had been washed up by the tide and were sure to die before the tide returned. The boy was walking slowly along the sore and occasionally reached down and tossed a beached starfish back into the ocean. The businessman, hoping to teach the boy a little lesson in common sense, walked up to the boy and said, “I have been watching what you are doing, son. You have a good heart, and I know you mean well, but do you realize how many beaches there are around here and how many starfish are dying on every beach every day? Surely, such an industrious and kindhearted boy such as yourself could find something better to do with your time. Do you really think that what you are doing is going to make a difference?” The boy looked up at that man, and then he looked down at a starfish by his feet. He picked up the starfish, and as he gently tossed it back into the ocean, he said, “It makes a difference to that one.”

~ Anonymous / Oral Traditional

AireCanada has rescued and rehomed many “starfish” over the years. The Starfish Stories 2 is an anecdotal account of a little blind rescued Airedale initially named Courtenay who, as a result of her very silly behaviors, became known as the Littlest Lunatic. LL’s misadventures will have you howling with laughter.

This 68 page booklet, illustrated with photographs and original drawings, is available for the very nominal amount of $15 in Canada or $20 in the US. Shipping is included.  A limited number of overseas (ie. not in North America) customers may currently acquire this book for  $15 because shipping for the first 14 overseas customers will be provided free, thanks to a generous donor.

Payment may be made through PayPal (username: mmscott@telus.net) or by cheque payable to Maureen Scott. Mail cheques to Maureen Scott, 1025 Ogden St. Coquitlam, BC V3C 3V8 Canada. Please indicate that your cheque is for a copy or copies of the Starfish Stories and include your shipping address.

Comments/questions to britishcolumbia@airecanada.com

Thank you for supporting AireCanada!

Noel – HSI Puppy Mill Raid

ALL Puppy Mill dogs have been adopted.  Thank you for your interest and support.  Watch for some future blog post to see how they are adapting to their new homes!

Our Story:  http://www.hsi.org/world/canada/news/news/dog_rescue_sept2011.html

4 month females, Noel and Merry, being transported from the HSI compound in Montreal to their foster homes.

Merry and Noel’s beautiful Mom traveling beside her aire-pups.  She also had three boys who found their forever homes.  There were also two adult males that are now safe in their new homes.

Noel is the pup standing on the right and is looking for her forever home.  She is a sweet, busy and loving aire-girl.  Her wonderful foster family report she is very bright and eager to learn.  She has a solid grasp on her house breaking and will sit when asked.  She is alllll airedale puppy though so don’t be fooled by those deep brown innocent eyes!

If you think you might be Noel’s forever home, then please complete the adoption application found here.  Please note only homes that have Airedale experience, a fenced yard, no children under 5  and in Ontario will be considered for adoption.  We do not fly dogs and don’t want to transport Noel long distances.  The closer to Ottawa the better.

Please contact Stephanie MacNeill with any further questions: ontario@airecanada.com

 

 

 

 

Puppy Mill Airedales

Thanks to all the support for these wonderful animals, the mill dogs have all been adopted.  Stay tuned for future blog posts on their new lives!

In September Humane Society International (HSI) was involved in the largest puppy mill bust in Canada.  You can read  about it here: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2011/09/17/quebec-puppy-mill-raid.html

The courts ruled on this case Thursday November 24. The owner has been charged and the dogs were handed over to HSI for adoption.  There were indeed Airedales taken in the raid and Airedale rescue has been on the ground working hard to get these dogs to a better place.  As of this weekend we did get custody of the Airedales and given the situation they were in, these dogs are in great shape and seem to have lovely temperaments.  A special shout out goes to our dedicated volunteers who picked up the dogs and are fostering them.  A special thanks goes to Sophia Grabowiecka who was in the facility volunteering with HSI and worked as the contact between Airedale rescue and HSI.  We wouldn’t have these dogs in our care if it wasn’t for the kindness and caring of these wonderful volunteers!  Thank You!

Currently we are desperate to find a foster home in or near the Ottawa area for one young male who is still waiting to be picked up.  Can you please help? 

If you are looking to adopt an Airedale we should have two females and a male available for adoption in the next week or two.  Check back soon for more info and pictures.

Steph in Ontario – rebels_mommy@yahoo.com

 

Home for Christmas?

Here I am! I am very handsome!

Thanks everyone, Max has been adopted.

 

Max is a 7 ½ year old, handsome, well-mannered boy. He is extremely obedient but still a typical Airedale who meets people on his own terms and with some reserve. This is a very, very nice boy who does not beg for food, truly loves people and gets along fine with other dogs.

I really need a new home!

Max has lived with a cat but, being a normal Airedale, will certainly chase chance-met cats as well.  Since he has had no experience with children, it is recommended that he find his forever placement in an adult only home. Max is up-to-date on vaccinations and is neutered.

Please? Take me home?

Max would make an excellent companion for an adult family. He would love to spend the Christmas holidays this year in his new home. Could that be yours?

Max is in Nova Scotia.